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Results 61–70 of 120
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Lactic Acid/Polylactic Acid

Dec 2013/Renewable Chemicals and EnergySpecialty Chemicals and Advanced Materials
The chemistry, process technology, and production economics for commercial routes to lactic acid and polylactic acid (PLA) are presented.  Fermentative production of lactic acid from dextrose based on existing gypsum-producing technology is compared to a newer gypsum-free process.  Historical and projected plant capacities in different geographic regions are also provided.
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Ethylene

Dec 2013/PetrochemicalsRenewable Chemicals and Energy
This PERP provides an in-depth technology, economic, and market analysis on ethylene. Regional cost competitiveness, commercial end-use markets, chemistry review, process descriptions, and simplified PFDs are covered in the comprehensive evaluation. Technologies modeled for economic evaluation include: steam cracking (ethane, propane, butane, naphtha, and gas oil hydrocarbon feeds), methanol to olefins, and dehydration of bio-ethanol to bio-based ethylene.
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Adipic Acid

Dec 2013/PetrochemicalsRenewable Chemicals and Energy
Routes to adipic acid via KA oil, as well as emerging bio-based routes are discussed in detail. Process economics for seven technologies (including emerging bioroutes by Rennovia and Verdezyne) have been developed (China, N.W. Europe and U.S. bases). Regional market supply demand is included.
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Bio-Naphtha: Missing Link to the Green Chemicals Value Chain

Dec 2013/Renewable Chemicals and EnergyPetrochemicalsOil, Gas and Refined Products
Overall techno-economic feasibility of commercial bio-naphtha production and steam cracking is investigated in this report. Various biofeedstocks and potential locations have been incorporated into the technological and production cost analyses of the leading process technologies within the study. Global production, consumption, and trade patterns of the major steam cracker products are included.
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Bio-Butadiene

Dec 2013/Renewable Chemicals and EnergyPetrochemicals
This report takes a modular approach to the plethora of potential bio-butadiene routes, which include multiple biobased and conventional catalytic steps. Technology descriptions are presented, markets are discussed and economics developed for North America, South America, Western Europe and Asia for the most promising routes.
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Biomass Gasification

Nov 2013/Renewable Chemicals and EnergyPetrochemicals
This report presents a comprehensive review of commercial and emerging biomass gasification technologies and applications to power, fuels, and chemicals production.  Process descriptions are included, as well as regional economics of various feedstock types including North America, South America, Western Europe, and Asia
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Biobutanol and Downstream Markets: Will You Be Buying Bio?

Nov 2013/Renewable Chemicals and EnergyPetrochemicals
This report analyzes the production of butanol from renewable sources and associated downstream markets.  Technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biobutanol by different process technologies are compared and discussed. The various alternatives to convert biobutanols into chemical and polymer products, as well as supplying the large existing markets, are also examined.
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Bio-Jet Fuel

Oct 2013/Renewable Chemicals and Energy
This report provides a comprehensive overview of technology options for biojet fuel production.  It includes process descriptions and economics for the main routes for the best in class technology developers, as well as a discussion of market potential for North America, South America, Western Europe, and Asia.
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Next Generation Biofeedstocks: Resources for Renewables

Oct 2013/Renewable Chemicals and Energy
The purpose of this report is to analyze biofeedstocks as a source of renewables. Biofeedstocks can be converted into a number of chemical and polymer products through technologies such as fermentation, gasification, pyrolysis, catalysis, among others. This study assesses the technical, commercial, and economic aspects of producing biofeedstocks as well as providing supply estimates.
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Isoprene/Bioisoprene

Apr 2013/PetrochemicalsRenewable Chemicals and Energy
Routes to isoprene via C5 streams, as well as on-purpose and emerging biotransformation routes are discussed in detail. Process economics for seven technologies (including emerging bioroutes) have been developed (China, N.W. Europe, and U.S. bases). Regional market supply/demand is included.

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